Readings in Open Access

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SPARC Papers

Open Access: Unlocking the Value of Scientific Research (2004)
Rick Johnson, Fmr Enterprise Director, SPARC

We see it all around us: industries are changing and adapting in response to new information and communications technologies. In the music industry, for example, a struggle is underway between companies with a financial interest in defending their pre-Internet business model and the demands of the emerging online marketplace. Similarly, journal publishing’s entrenched print regime is locked in a battle with those who seek to achieve the benefits of a more open exchange of information by utilizing “open access” publishing strategies.

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SPARC Presentations

July 27, 2006 - CESSE 2006 in Salt Lake City
Open access and its implications for "conventional" publishing - Four forces that are transforming scientific communication (Rick Johnson)
[Presentation in PDF format - 1.7MB]

September 29, 2005 - South Atlantic Regional Conference in Association with SLA
Open Access - The Perfect Storm? Policy, History, and Use (Rick Johnson)
[Presentation in PDF format - 1.6MB]

September 21 - 22, 2005 - 9th World Congress on Health Information and Libraries, International Seminar on Open Access for Developing Countries (Salvador, Brazil)
The Open Access Movement: Initiatives (Heather Joseph)
[Presentation in PDF format - 740K]


SPARC Guides

Open-access Publishing Funds: A Practical Guide to Design and Implementation

The SPARC guide, by Greg Tananbaum, is not an advocacy document promoting the launch of Open-access Funds. Rather, we aim to help institutions that are curious to better understand why funds are being launched, the considerations and decisions involved in their creation, and how existing funds are being managed. Should you choose to move forward with creating an open-access fund, this guide will help you to do so with your best foot forward. (Feb 2010)

Income Models for Supporting Open Access
This Web site and accompanying guide provide an overview of income models currently being used to support the open-access distribution of peer-reviewed scholarly and scientific journals. These resources will be a useful tool both for publishers exploring new potential sources of income and for libraries weighing where to direct meager library funds. (September 2009)

Guide to Business Planning for Converting a Subscription-based Journal to Open Access, Second Edition
SPARC Consulting Group for the Open Society Institute. [Also in PDF] (February 2004)

Guide to Business Planning for Launching a New Open Access Journal, Second Edition
SPARC Consulting Group for the Open Society Institute. [Also in PDF](July 2003)

More SPARC Guides


Other Publications

The Budapest Open Access Initiative

Open Access Bibliography
Liberating Scholarly Literature with E-Prints and Open Access Journals
by Charles W. Bailey, Jr.
This resource presents over 1,300 selected English-language sources of all types and media that are useful in understanding the open access movement's efforts to provide free access to and unfettered use of scholarly literature.

The bibliography is available in two forms:

    • as a download in PDF-format for personal printing and use.
    • soft-cover bound book for use as a durable reference regarding open access.

BioMed Central Open Access Advocacy Kit
A links page of resources to promote change in scholarly communication through adoption of open access research journals.

Framing the Issues: Open Access
[PDF] A guide published by the ARL Office of Scholarly Communications.

Open Access FAQ
The Public Library of Science, an open access publisher of high-profile journals in the biology and biomedical fields, offers this resource to answer frequently asked questions about open access.

Open Access: Restoring scientific communication to its rightful owners
The European Science Foundation published this policy briefing in April 2003. It emerged from two OAI workshops, co-sponsored by SPARC, that were held in Geneva, October 2001. [PDF]

Swan, Alma.Open Access Advocacy: A Checklist for Research Libraries. - In: Digital Libraries à la Carte : 28 July - 5 August 2009 / ed. Jola G.B. Prinsen. - Tilburg: Ticer, 2009. ISSN 1877-1343 [PDF]